MUMBAI: For an airline that’s solely thirteen-years previous, Tara Air has fairly a chequered historical past with three deadly crashes to date. Previous to Sunday’s accident through which 22 are feared lifeless, Tara Air had an analogous deadly accident in 2016, involving the identical plane kind and the identical route. On February 24, 2016, a complete of 23 passengers died after a Tara Air DHC-6 Twin Otter plane working a flight from Pokhara to Jomson crashed right into a mountain enroute. Nepal’s Plane Accident Investigation Fee in its investigation report stated “regardless of unfavourable climate circumstances, the crew‘s repeated determination to enter into cloud throughout VFR flight (Visible Flight Guidelines, primarily plane operations carried out in clear climate).. led to CFIT accident.” CFIT (pronounced see-fit) stands for Managed Flight into Terrain, which primarily entails pilots unintentionally flying an airworthy plane into floor or a mountain on this case. Captain Amit Singh, an air security professional stated: “The flight from Pokhra to Jomsom airport cuts throughout valleys close to the Dhaulagiri peak. Since there is no such thing as a established airway, flights should preserve sight of the mountains always and observe visible flight guidelines by way of visibility and distance from clouds.” Within the 2016 Tara Air DHC-6 accident, the crew ought to have returned to Pokhra however they deviated from the conventional monitor and hit the mountain prime, he stated. “This accident may have ended with the identical destiny because it was a cloudy day over the mountains,” stated Capt Singh. One other side that may be seemed into by the investigating crew is the plane upkeep data, on condition that the Twin Otter that crashed on Sunday is a 43-year previous plane. Nevertheless age as such, needn’t be a contributory issue. “There isn’t any single standards that defines an plane as ‘previous’ . The age of an plane depends upon elements together with the chronological age, the variety of flight cycles, and the variety of flight hours. Figuring out the age of the plane is additional sophisticated by the truth that particular person plane parts age in another way relying on these elements,” says a 2007 examine by the Australian Transport Security Bureau seemed into the influence of ageing plane on aviation security. “Some ageing mechanisms similar to fatigue happen by means of repetitive or cyclic loading. Whereas others, similar to put on, deterioration, and corrosion happen over time. If not managed, these ageing mechanisms generally is a important security concern,” it stated. Previously two years, as was the case with different airways, Tara Air’s revenues too have been hit because of the Covid pandemic. Within the yr 2021, as an illustration, it flew solely 22,355 passengers, shedding over one-third its passenger visitors attributable to Covid. Tara Air’s first accident occurred over a yr after it commenced operations. In December 2010, 22 folks died after a Twin Otter crashed in a mountainous area in jap Nepal. In Could 2010, a Tara Air Twin Otter plane with 21 folks on board, made an emergency touchdown after its cabin door instantly opened minutes after take-off. By the way, Nepal with its mountainous terrain has its personal distinctive sample with air accidents. In its Aviation Security Report 2021 the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal stated: “CFIT is the primary security threat class in Nepal ensuing 77% of fatalities, however with simply 33% of accidents within the final 10 years” . Plane primarily associated to STOL (brief take off and touchdown) airfields witnessed 8 deadly accidents out of 16 accidents, whereas the plane working in trunk sector witnessed only one deadly accident out of three accidents within the final 10 years, it stated. Tara Air, a subsidiary of Yeti Airways operates to distant sectors touchdown into high-altitude airports with brief runways.